Sawn softwood grading is standardized in Europe according to standard NF EN 1611-1 and its amendment A1 (see the technical datasheet on appearance grading published by FNB)". This standard applies to fir, Norway spruce, pine, Douglas fir and larch.
Appearance grading is based on visual criteria. It depends directly on the frequency and size of the various imperfections of the wood and its biological alterations, observed on two or four sides.
The appearance grading of sawn European softwood is based on visual criteria related to the appearance of the surfaces and edges according to the type, size and location of the imperfections, cutting imperfections and alterations. To classify a part, the four sides of the part are examined and assigned a grade according to the permitted limits of each grade for the different criteria. The grades are 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4.